Chikungunya Fever generally 99% people affected in Delhi/ncr in 2017. All the doctors and hospital are failure for proper treatment. Most people infected with chikungunya virus will develop some symptoms. Symptoms usually begin 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash. Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling.
OurHealthDoctor.com expert share you detail information about: Chikungunya Fever,Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention
Let’s talk about – Chikungunya Fever:
How Chikungunya virus spread?
The virus is spread to humans by the bite of an infected female Aedes species mosquito – Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. These are the same tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that carry the dengue virus. … To date chikungunya virus infection has not been transmitted by mosquitoes in Australia.
What is Chikungunya Virus?
- Most people infected with chikungunya virus will develop some symptoms.
- Symptoms usually begin 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.
- The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain.
- Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
- Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling.
- Most patients feel better within a week. In some people, the joint pain may persist for months.
- People at risk for more severe disease include newborns infected around the time of birth, older adults (≥65 years), and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease.
- Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.
- The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of dengue and Zika, diseases spread by the same mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya.
- See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where chikungunya is found.
- If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled.
- Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for chikungunya or other similar viruses like dengue and Zika.
- There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat chikungunya virus.
- Treat the symptoms:
- Get plenty of rest.
- Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.
- Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.
- Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).
- If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.
- If you have chikungunya, prevent mosquito bites for the first week of your illness.
- During the first week of infection, chikungunya virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to a mosquito through mosquito bites.
- An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people.
Chikungunya is an infection in humans caused by the chikungunya virus.
The chikungunya virus is present in Africa, southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Indian Ocean islands, where a number of outbreaks have occurred.
How chikungunya is spread in humans body?
Humans and other primates are the natural hosts for the chikungunya virus. The virus is spread to humans by the bite of an infected female Aedes species mosquito – Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. These are the same tropical and sub-tropical mosquitoes that carry the dengue virus. They breed in or near human habitations and prefer to feed on humans during the daytime in shady areas, but may also bite early in the night.
In Australia, Aedes aegypti currently is found in north Queensland while Aedes albopictus is found in a few locations in the Torres Strait. Infections reported in Australia are from people who have travelled overseas to regions where the chikungunya virus is present.
To date chikungunya virus infection has not been transmitted by mosquitoes in Australia. However, since the mosquitoes capable of transmitting the infection are found in northern Australia there is the potential for this to occur.
Know about Signs and symptoms
Chikungunya infection is characterized by sudden onset of:
- high fever
- severe joint pain mainly in the arms and legs
- muscle pain
- back pain
- rash (about 50% of affected people).
- Most people start to feel better after 7 to 10 days although some people will develop longer term joint pain.
The diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms and confirmed with a blood test.
- Incubation period
- (time between becoming infected and developing symptoms)
- Typically 3 to 7days with a range of 1 to 12 days.
- Infectious period
- (time during which an infected person can infect others)
- Chikungunya cannot be spread directly from person to person.
There is no specific treatment for chikungunya infection. The use of pain medication and rest can provide relief for some of the symptoms.
Exclusion from childcare, preschool, school or work is not necessary but infected people should avoid being bitten by mosquitoes while they are unwell.
There is no vaccine to prevent infection.
Personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes are important in preventing illness. See Fight the Bite for tips how to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bourne diseases.
Fast facts on chikungunya virus: Here are some key points about chikungunya virus. More detail and supporting information is in the article.
- The chikungunya virus is transmitted via female mosquitos
- The major symptoms are fever and joint pain
- The word “chikungunya” means “to walk bent”
- Approximately 96% of people who are infected with chikungunya become symptomatic
- Associated joint pain can last for more than a year
- Chikungunya can only be definitively diagnosed by a blood test
- There are no vaccines for chikungunya
- Complications can include meningitis and nephritis
- Preventing chikungunya comes down to avoiding mosquito-infested areas and preventing contact.